Ruins of the Fort of Lichhavi King Vishal ( Raja Viahal Ka Garh ), Vaishali , Bihar
Ruins of the Fort of Lichhavi King Vishal ( Raja Viahal Ka Garh ), Vaishali :
To the north of Vaishali, an ancient city in the state of Bihar, India, is located a huge mound of 6 ft x 10 ft high, known as Raja Vishal Ka Garh. Maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), the Raja Vishal Ka Garh is as a protected monument. Raja Vishal ka Garh, spread over 81 acres and which has a mound near Vaishali village that is believed to be the remains of an ancient parliament house, has thrown up some more remarkable secrets recently: a 50-metre-long and 21-metre-high mud rampart built in the late phase of the Mauryan period (321-185 BC) and Shunga period (185-73 BC) and a brick fortification that runs above the rampart.
The excavation has revealed clear traces of human settlement till the Shunga period (185-73 BC), ASI has found terracotta figurines, shiny pottery shards and punched copper coins, which could date back to 600 BC when Vaishali used to be a power centre of the Lichchhavi Republic.Excavations at the site have unearthed evidence of a drainage system and a small ring well from the Kushan period, which may have been used to dispose garbage. The excavation has also yielded terracotta figurines of snakes, elephants and dogs, of deer horns belonging to the Gupta, Kushan and Shunga periods. A cylindrical gold bead from the Kushan period has also been discovered.
The Ramayana talks of King Vishal who ruled here before the Lichchhavis. Vaishali was once also the centre for trade and industry.